The City of York
The city was founded by the Romans in 71 AD naming it Eboracum. The Romans made it the capital of their Province of Britannia Inferior. At the end of Roman rule in 415 AD the settlement was taken over by the Angles and the city became known as Eoforwic. The city became the episcopal, and later, royal centre of the Kingdom of Northumbria. The Vikings captured the city in 866 AD, and for the period between 866 and the incorporation of Northumbria into the Kingdom of England in 954, York is sometimes referred to by its Scandinavianised form, Jórvík. The name “York” was first used in the 13th century. In the Middle Ages York grew as a major wool trading centre and the ecclesiastical capital of the north of England. The Province of York has remained one of the two Church of England ecclesiastical provinces, along with that of Canterbury.
York’s location on the River Ouse, in the centre of the Vale of York and half way between the capitals of London and Edinburgh means that it has long had a significant position in the nation’s transport system. The 19th century saw York, under the influence of George Hudson, become an important hub of the railway network and a manufacturing centre. In recent decades, the economy of York has moved from being dominated by its confectionery and railway-related industries to one that provides services. The University of York and health services have become major employers.
Tourism boosts the local economy, few cities rival the charm of York. Steeped in history and beauty, it offers stunning architecture, fabulous York events and festivals and an eclectic range of shops, stylish restaurants and bars, and two excellent theatres.
Famous sites include York Minster
This architectural masterpiece goes with its dazzling stained glass windows, mysterious Undercroft and a tower with breathtaking views of the region. Also the Jorvik Viking Centre, the National Railway Museum and the York Castle Museum.
One of Europe’s most haunted cities, with nightly ghost tours through the ancient streets recounting stories of York’s spooky past. If tales of beheaded monarchs aren’t your idea of fun, there are numerous city walks covering every interest from Roman history and Roman walls to chocolate trails and York brewery tours.
You will be able to relax and enjoy York’s vibrant arts and café culture and indulge in a cream tea at elegant Betty’s Café with its ornate mirrors and wood panelling. Sip local beers in one of the city’s heritage taverns, or champagne at a trendy riverside bar then enjoy some fine food in a new crop of bistros and restaurants in wonderful surroundings.
In 2009 it was the 7th most visited city by UK residents and the 13th most visited by overseas visitors. York Racecourse and Bootham Crescent, the home of York City FC, are the most prominent sporting venues in the city and the River Ouse provides opportunities for both sporting and leisure pursuits.
York is also privileged to have a University. The attractive campus is based in the green belt area around Heslington, on the outskirts of York itself. The VTS is both well-placed and fortunate to be able to draw on some the expert resources available at the University. Since the opening of the new Hull York Medical School in September 2003, we have developed links with undergraduate educationalists, and a number of our training practices now take medical students.